Nestled away from Delhi’s lengthy site visitors snarls and high-rise buildings are lush inexperienced pockets of fastidiously deliberate nature parks which are serving to keep the ecological steadiness of the nationwide capital. Because the world celebrates Worldwide Day for Biodiversity on Saturday, it’s related to place the highlight on how seven biodiversity parks within the metropolis not solely keep inexperienced cowl, but additionally make an vital contribution in growing the counts of birds and animals.
Delhi is dwelling to the Yamuna Biodiversity Park, Aravalli Biodiversity Park, Neela Hauz Biodiversity Park, Tilpath Valley Biodiversity Park, Northern Ridge (Kamla Nehru Ridge), Tughlaqabad Biodiversity Park, and Kalindi Biodiversity Park.
Information from every of those parks present that, since their inception, the depend of species inside them has spiked.
Faiyaz A Khudsar, scientist-in-charge on the Yamuna Biodiversity Park, which got here up in 2002, stated, “The Delhi Improvement Authority’s biodiversity parks have assumed world significance as fashions for replication. They not solely assist preserve the vanishing pure heritage from city centres but additionally serve many extra features, resembling serving as vegetation filters for non-point supply air pollution, imparting resilience to local weather change, enhancing water availability to the town and offering cultural, conservational and academic companies.”
Information confirmed that within the Yamuna Biodiversity Park, which is unfold throughout 184 hectares, the depend of terrestrial crops elevated from 90 in 2002 to 915 in 2020. The depend of mammals within the park went up from simply 4 to 22, butterflies elevated from 11 to 82; variety of fishes elevated from nil to 18, and the variety of aquatic crops went up from two to 101 final yr. The chook species depend elevated from 37 in 2002 to 203 in 2020.
In 2016, the park additionally noticed the arrival of a leopard.
The ecology on the 280-hectare Aravalli Biodiversity Park is not any totally different. When the park was established in 2005, it had 150 species of terrestrial crops, which elevated to 950 in 2020, and the depend of mammals went up from 5 to 19 in the identical interval.
Information additionally confirmed that the variety of butterflies went up from 13 in 2005 to 113 final yr, and the variety of birds elevated from 42 to 209.
CR Babu, who heads the biodiversity parks venture of Centre for Environmental Administration of Degraded Ecosystems (CEMDE) at Delhi College, stated that these parks are nature reserves, which harbour pure heritage and have features resembling carbon sequestration — a course of through which carbon dioxide is faraway from the environment and saved within the plant physique and soil, recharging groundwater and controlling the micro local weather of an space, amongst others.
“Over the following few years, we’ll undertake extra research to learn how these parks are functioning. This can assist us get vital data, resembling the quantity of carbon they’re able to sequester and whether or not they’re able to recharge groundwater ranges and management native temperature,” Babu stated.